Front-end frameworks: What is important right now?
What stirs in the world of front-end frameworks today—and what trends can you expect tomorrow?
Front-end frameworks determine the logic, structure, design, behavior, and animation of every element you see on-screen when you interact with websites, web applications, and mobile apps.
For instance, buying something online today is a different experience than 10—15 years ago. In the past you would be sent to different confirmation pages during the process, while today the emphasis is on a better user experience.
Now smooth transitions characterize the various stages of the buying process, and you get a more app-like feeling, with more actions happening on the same page.
The front-end framework is a vital piece of your digital experiences, and should not be left to the mercy of mere chance. That’s why we have compiled a short and essential summary of what factors are most important now and in the near future.
Selecting the right front-end framework
If you have browsed through several front-end frameworks already, you might be confused about exactly what framework you should choose, or what features you should prioritize in the first place.
As a remedy, here is a quick reference to what is most important when contemplating on selecting a framework that is right for you, your team, and your organization:
Your preferred front-end framework should not have a very steep learning curve, as this can not only put you off—it can demoralize any co-workers in your organization that also must work with it. Be sure to pick something familiar to you and your colleagues, or something developer-friendly—i.e. a programming language that is loved by developers.
A great way to kickstart your developers in a new front-end framework is the presence of a built-in toolbox. A toolbox may include a build server, web server, asset caching, etc., enabling your developers to get started fast.
Imagine being tasked with baking a complex cake, but not being provided with the recipe. Or being given the task to maintain a hydroelectric dam, but without getting your hands on the operating manual!
The same principle goes for a front-end framework. Having access to good documentation is important to give your developers an overview, a reference guide, a troubleshooter guide, best practice examples, or information on any technical detail they may wonder about.
Just like having access to comprehensive documentation, the availability of tutorials is a must for getting your developers up to speed. Even though your developers are knowledgeable, they might still get tips to smart operations and methods within the front-end framework through a well-executed tutorial.
Finally, the front-end framework should be well embraced by an engaged community who can help out should you have any questions. Make sure you check the availability and the activity of the front-end framework community in advance.
Popular front-end frameworks
What are the most popular and promising front-end frameworks of 2022 and beyond? Here is a list of some of our favorite frameworks in no particular order:
Next.js: Open-source web development framework built on top of Node.js, enabling React-based web applications functionalities such as server-side rendering and generating static websites.
SvelteKit: A full stack framework where the page is rendered server-side on your first visit, but subsequent pages are rendered client-side.
Angular: Platform for building mobile and desktop web applications. Angular is a TypeScript-based open-source full-stack web application framework led by the Angular Team at Google and by a community of individuals and corporations.
Ionic: Open-source software development kit for hybrid mobile app development. Ionic allows you to build cross platform mobile, web, and desktop apps with one shared code base and open web standards.
Pro tip: Use TypeScript to strengthen your front-end
With TypeScript it is easier to refactor without errors and easier to test—especially for larger projects.
Coding frameworks, can be used for single-page apps, functionality, low-level (harder, digging deeper, demanding more logic)
Markup, for more traditional websites, templating, high-level (easier).
Can be run together with JS frameworks
First published 14 August 2019, updated 11 November 2022.